mdns

Multicast DNS (mDNS) package for Zeek IDS

This repository contains a Zeek script-only package for the Multicast DNS (mDNS) protocol. It defines new mDNS events and enables mDNS logging, both based on the built-in DNS events and logging capabilities. The package can be easily installed with Zeek Package Manager.

Please consult the following RFCs for additional information about the Multicast DNS protocol:

Installation

Prerequisites

Before trying to install the package, make sure you have the following tools installed:

Everything should be installed correctly if you install the latest Zeek version.

Setup

To run unit tests and install the package, run:

zkg install https://github.com/zeek-plugins/mdns  # to install as super user
zkg --user install https://github.com/zeek-plugins/mdns  # to install in user space

You might have to update the ZEEKPATH environmental variable to have access to packages installed with zkg. To see which value it should take, run the following commands:

zkg env         # For the super user
zkg --user env  # For a normal user

In the case of any installation problems, please check the Zeek Package Manager documentation.

Usage

In order to use the mDNS events and activate mDNS logging, you must explicitly load the package inside your Zeek scripts, with the following directive:

@load path/to/mdns/scripts

If you correctly updated the aforementioned ZEEKPATH variable, the scripts path should only be mdns.

Events

The plugin defines the following events:

  • event mdns_message(c: connection, is_orig: bool, msg: dns_msg, len: count)
    • Generated for any mDNS message.
  • `event mdns_request(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, query: string, qtype: count, qclass: count, original_query: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS requests.
  • `event mdns_rejected(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, query: string, qtype: count, qclass: count, original_query: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies that reject a query.
  • `event mdns_query_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, query: string, qtype: count, qclass: count, original_query: string)`
    • Generated for each entry in the Question section of a mDNS reply.
  • `event mdns_A_reply (c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, a: addr)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type A.
  • `event mdns_AAAA_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, a: addr)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type AAAA.
  • `event mdns_A6_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, a: addr)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type A6.
  • `event mdns_NS_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, name: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type NS.
  • `event mdns_CNAME_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, name: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type CNAME.
  • `event mdns_PTR_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, name: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type PTR.
  • `event mdns_SOA_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, soa: dns_soa)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type CNAME
  • `event mdns_WKS_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type WKS.
  • `event mdns_HINFO_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, cpu: string, os: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type HINFO.
  • `event mdns_MX_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, name: string, preference: count)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type MX.
  • `event mdns_TXT_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, strs: string_vec)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type TXT.
  • `event mdns_SPF_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, strs: string_vec)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type SPF.
  • `event mdns_CAA_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, flags: count, tag: string, value: string)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type CAA (Certification Authority Authorization).
  • `event mdns_SRV_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer, target: string, priority: count, weight: count, p: count)`
    • Generated for mDNS replies of type SRV.
  • `event mdns_unknown_reply(c: connection, msg: dns_msg, ans: dns_answer)`
    • Generated for mDNS reply resource records when the type of record is not one that Zeek knows how to parse and generate another more specific event.
  • `event mdns_end(c: connection, msg: dns_msg)`
    • Generated at the end of processing a mDNS packet. This event is the last `mdns_*` event that will be raised for a mDNS query/reply and signals that all resource records have been passed on.

For more information about the events, please consult Zeek's documentation about DNS events, which are the unicast equivalent of this plugin's mDNS events.

Logging

The plugin can automatically log all the mDNS traffic that it sees, in the same way as the Zeek DNS plugin. This produces the mdns.log file, which contains, for each mDNS message seen, the following information:

  • ts: The earliest time at which a DNS protocol message over the associated connection is observed.
  • uuid: A unique identifier of the connection over which mDNS messages are being transferred.
  • id: The connection's 4-tuple of endpoint addresses/ports.

    • id.orig_h: The originator's IP address.
    • id.orig_p: The originator's port.
    • id.resp_h: The responder's IP address.
    • id.resp_p: The responder's port.
  • proto: The transport layer protocol of the connection (always UDP).

  • trans_id: A 16-bit identifier assigned by the program that generated the DNS query. Also used in responses to match up replies to outstanding queries.
  • rtt Round trip time for the query and response. This indicates the delay between when the request was seen until the answer started.
  • query: The domain name that is the subject of the DNS query.
  • qclass: The QCLASS value specifying the class of the query.
  • qclass_name: A descriptive name for the class of the query.
  • qtype: The QTYPE value specifying the type of the query.
  • qtype_name: A descriptive name for the type of the query.
  • rcode: The response code value in DNS response messages.
  • rcode_name: A descriptive name for the response code value.
  • AA: The Authoritative Answer bit for response messages specifies that the responding name server is an authority for the domain name in the question section.
  • TC: The Truncation bit specifies that the message was truncated.
  • RD: The Recursion Desired bit in a request message indicates that the client wants recursive service for this query.
  • RA: The Recursion Available bit in a response message indicates that the name server supports recursive queries.
  • Z: A reserved field that is usually zero in queries and responses.
  • answers: The set of resource descriptions in the query answer.
  • TTLs: The caching intervals of the associated RRs described by the answers field.
  • rejected: The DNS query was rejected by the server.

License

This project is licensed under the BSD license. See the LICENSE file for details.

Contributors

  • Fran├žois De Keersmaeker
    • GitHub: @fdekeers
    • Email: francois.dekeersmaeker@uclouvain.be

Thanks to the ESnet team for Zeek Package Cookie Cutter, and to @awelzel for his insight on Zeek script-only packages.

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